Q) A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to each of its ends.
The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.
STEP BY STEP SOLUTION
We reconstruct the diagram of capsule as combination of a cylinder with two hemispheres at both ends.
Let’s calculate dimensions of this cylinder and hemispheres.
Since the diameter of hemisphere is 5 mm, hence its radius will be 2.5 mm
Same will also be the radius of the cylinder.
Now, the length of the cylinder = 14 – 5 = 9 mm
Let’s calculate surface area of each shape one by one:
(i) Surface Area of cylindrical shape:
We know that the curved surface area of the cylinder =
Given that the radius of the cylinder is 2.5 mm and height of the cylinder is 9 mm
the surface area of the cylinder =
(ii) Surface area of Hemispheres:
We know that, surface area of a hemisphere =
Since, the radius of the hemisphere = 2.5 mm
the surface area of a hemisphere =
the surface area of two hemispheres =
(iii) Total Surface Area of Capsule:
the surface area of the entire capsule = Surface area of Cylinder + Surface Area of 2 hemispheres
Therefore, Surface Area of the Capsule is 220 mm2
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