Q) A boy is standing on the top of light house. He observed that boat P and boat Q are approaching the light house from opposite directions. He finds that angle of depression of boat P is 45° and angle of depression of boat Q is 30°. He also knows that height of the light house is 100 m.
Based on the above information, answer the following questions.
(i) What is the measure of ∠APD?
(ii) If ∠YAQ = 30°, then ∠AQD is also 30°, Why?
(iii) Find length of PD
Find length of DQ
(i) Measure of ∠APD:
Given that ∠XAP = 45°
Since ∠XAD = 90°, therefore ∠PAD = ∠XAD – ∠XAP = 90° – 45° = 45°
In Δ APD, ∠APD + ∠PAD + ∠ADP = 180°
Since, ∠PAD = 45° and ∠ADP = 90°
∴ ∠APD = 180° – 90° – 45° = 45°
Therefore, the value of ∠APD is 45°
(ii) Reason of why ∠AQD is also 30°, If ∠YAQ = 30°:
Since XY ǁ PQ and AQ cuts these parallel lines,
therefore, ∠YAQ = ∠AQD = 30° because these are alternate interior angles.
(iii) Length of PD:
In Δ APD, tan ∠APD = tan 45° =
PD = 100
Therefore, length of PD is 100 m
(iii) Length of DQ:
In Δ AQD, tan ∠AQD = tan 30° =
PD = 100√3
Therefore, length of DQ is 100√3.